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Ngo-2050, izimoto zikagesi zizobusa ukuthengiswa kwezimoto

NgokukaWood Mackenzie, kuzoba nezimoto ezithwala ugesi eziyizigidi ezingama-875, izimoto ezisebenza ngogesi eziyizigidi ezingama-70 kanye nezimoto zikaphethiloli eziyizigidi ezi-5 emgwaqeni ngo-2050. Maphakathi nekhulu leminyaka, ingqikithi yenani lezimoto ezingakhiqizi igesi ezisebenzayo zizofinyelela. 950 million.

Ucwaningo lukaWood McKenzie luveza ukuthi ngo-2050, izimoto ezintathu kweziyisihlanu e-China, Europe nase-US zizobe sezisebenza ngogesi, kanti cishe imoto eyodwa kwezimbili ezidayisayo kulezo zifunda izobe isebenza ngogesi.

Ngekota yokuqala ka-2021 kuphela, ukuthengiswa kwezimoto zikagesi kufinyelele cishe kumayunithi angama-550,000, okuwukunyuka ngamaphesenti angama-66 ngesikhathi esifanayo ngonyaka owedlule. Ukuvela kabusha kwe-United States njengomholi wesimo sezulu kanye nenhloso ye-China ye-zero kungukhiye kulokhu kuhlasela. ”

Ukwenyuka okulindelekile kokudayiswa kwezimoto zikagesi kuyizindaba ezimbi ezimotweni zikadizili. Ukuthengiswa kwezimoto zeqhwa, okuhlanganisa izimoto ezincane/ezilula, kuzokwehla ngaphansi kwamaphesenti angama-20 okuthengiswa komhlaba wonke ngo-2050, kusho uWood McKenzie. Cishe ingxenye yohlu olusele lwezimpahla zezimoto zeqhwa izoba se-Afrika, eMpumalanga Ephakathi naseLatin America, kanye naseRussia kanye nesifunda saseCaspian, nakuba lezi zifunda zaba ngamaphesenti angu-18 kuphela emhlabeni wonke ngalowo nyaka.

Ngokuthuthukiswa kwezimoto zikagesi, isibalo sezitolo ezishajayo emhlabeni wonke kulindeleke ukuthi sikhule sifinyelele ezigidini ezingama-550 maphakathi nekhulunyaka. Iningi (amaphesenti angama-90) lalezi zitolo zisazoba amashaja asekhaya. Ukwesekwa kwenqubomgomo, okuhlanganisa uxhaso nemithethonqubo, kuzoqinisekisa ukuthi ukukhula kwemakethe yokushaja kwe-EV kuhambisana nezimoto ngokwazo.

Ngo-2020, inani eliphelele lokungenisa nokuthekelisa kwezimpahla zezimoto lalingama-dollar ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-151.4, lehle ngo-4.0% unyaka nonyaka, kanti isamba esiphelele sezimoto ezithunyelwa ngaphandle sasingu-933,000, sehle ngo-11.4% unyaka nonyaka.
Mayelana nezingxenye zezimoto, ukukhula ngoDisemba 2020 bekungekuncane. Inani lezingxenye zezimoto ezingeniswa kwamanye amazwe lalingama-US $3.12 wezigidigidi, nokunyuka kwenyanga nenyanga ngo-1.3% kanye nokwenyuka konyaka ngo-8.7%. Ngo-2020, inani elingenisiwe lezingxenye zezimoto nezinsiza lalingama-US $32.44 billion, likhuphuke ngo-0.1% unyaka nonyaka.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-08-2021